Here are the basics that you need to know about obtaining a marriage license -- a "Getting Married 101" to help you jump through the legal hoops that state and national governments require. The actual specifics depends on where you are getting married.
Once you decide where you want to get married, you need to fill out a marriage license application for a marriage license. After your wedding, it is the responsibility of the person who performed your wedding ceremony to make sure the license is recorded with the county where you were married. Generally, a few weeks after your wedding, you will receive your marriage certificate in the mail.
Time FrameDon't wait until the last minute to apply for your marriage license. We recommend that you get your marriage license about a month before your scheduled wedding date.
Marriage License ValidityMost marriage licenses are valid for between 30 and 60 days. This means you have a short window of time in which to get married. If you don't have your wedding within the required time frame, you will have to apply for another marriage license and pay the fee again.
ID RequirementsIf you have a valid driver's license and know your Social Security number, you should be okay.
If you are not a citizen of the country where you want to get married, you should have your birth certificate translated and certified. You should also be able to show your passport.
Residency RequirementIn most locales you don't have to be a resident.
Previous MarriagesIf you've been married before, you will need to show certified documentation as to how the marriage ended such as a death certificate or a final divorce decree.
Some locales have a waiting period before someone who was recently divorced can get married again.
Waiting PeriodMore and more states in the United States are not requiring a waiting period between obtaining your marriage license and being able to have your wedding ceremony. However, this requirement still exists in some areas.
Age RequirementAlthough it isn't what teenagers want to hear, getting married without parental permission if you are under the age of 18 is difficult in most countries in the world.
Fees for a Marriage LicenseThe cost for obtaining a marriage license varies considerably from locale to locale. One thing many areas have in common is that they only accept cash. Some areas will give a discount if you can show evidence that you had premarital education or counseling.
Blood TestsBlood tests and physical exams are generally a thing of the past. However, there are a few areas that still require the tests.
Proxy MarriagesMost U.S. states and countries do not allow proxy marriages. Those that do allow marriage by proxy require a lot of hoops for you to jump through.
Cousin MarriagesMost states in the United States do not allow cousin marriages although quite a few other countries do allow cousin marriages.
Common Law MarriagesMost U.S. states do not recognize common law marriages.
Same Sex MarriagesMany U.S. states amended their constitutions to prevent same sex marriages. There are a few states and countries that do recognize same sex marriages.
OfficiantsWho is authorized to perform your wedding ceremony varies widely from country to country. Officiants, friends, or relatives planning on performing a wedding ceremony should check the state and country laws before saying yes to being the celebrant at a wedding.
State and country marriage license requirements often change. The above information is for guidance only and should not be regarded as legal advice. It is important that you verify all information with your local marriage license office or county clerk before making any wedding or travel plans.